Dating pottery finds

09 May

Continue reading On the side of the former view, biblical archaeologists such as Bryant Wood argue that the Exodus must have occurred in the middle of the 15th century BC, since the ordinal number “480th” in 1 Kgs 6:1 only can be understood literally (contra allegorically, as late-Exodus proponents suggest).

Wood, who mainly presents archaeological evidence to support his case, even declares that “the 13th-century Exodus-Conquest model is no longer tenable.”[While this debate cannot be settled in the present article, nor can space be devoted here to the issue of the alleged Ramesside connections with the store-city of Raamses or the problem of archaeology not being able to “provide any trace of Israelites [in Canaan] before the Iron Age (shortly before 1200 B. E.),”[ an examination of one aspect of this issue is in order: namely, the destruction of Hazor that is recorded in Joshua 11.

The materials deposited first are the oldest and are always found at the bottom of a given stratigraphic section.

The most recently deposited materials are the youngest and are always at the top. It always applies except when some type of disturbance has occurred.

The importance of Hazor’s contribution to the debate on the timing of the Exodus cannot be underestimated, as “Hazor provides the only possible evidence for an Israelite conquest of Canaan in the late 13th century” BC.[ Hazor—strategically located on the Great Trunk Road, which is the main commercial highway that cut through Canaan and was part of the principal military route throughout the Late Bronze Age (1550–1200 BC)—thus is at the center of the debate over the timing of the Exodus, since it was both destroyed by Joshua and destroyed in the 13th century BC.

The biblical text requires that the former is true, while archaeology requires that the latter is true.

Each layer, or stratum, may be distinguished by its physical characteristics: color, texture, and structure.

Yadin’s findings in the lower city confirm that public structures such as the Orthostats Temple and the Stelae Temple were violently destroyed, while the renewed excavations in the upper city—under current excavator Amnon Ben-Tor—corroborate the existence of a fierce conflagration that also is mostly limited to public buildings.

Researchers have discovered that those who are highly innovated have more nerve connections between the right and left brain.

A study has suggested that creativity does not depend on a single side of the brain, but how well the two hemispheres communicate with each other.

The judges called his work 'impressive' and 'beautiful'.

Natural materials such as rocks, soil, and traces of plants and animals settle on the earth’s surface and over time can accumulate in layers.